Techniques and Materials

I wanted to share with you a bit about the techniques and materials that I love using.  I feel like this will be an ever growing list and I look forward to adding to it!  If there's anything you are interested in seeing just let me know!



This is a cold connection in metalsmithing. I use small pieces of metal wire inserted into holes to attach 2 or 3 pieces of metal together. I use this when one of the metals is heat sensitive which makes soldering impossible or when I want the rivets to be part of the overall design.


This is a method of using a flame from a torch to melt solder and create permanent connections between two pieces of metal.


All of my pieces are hand sawed and finished. I do not use a laser cutter.


All of my metal is textured by me.

  • I use hammers, stamps, and a rolling mill to create the textures you see in my pieces. I do not
  • use pre-textured metal.
  • I hand fuse sterling silver, argentium, and gold dust to my pieces to create a texture.
  • I melt layers of the metal to create texture, called reticulation.


I create color on metal in many ways.

  • I use alcohol inks to create a watercolor type effect on metal.
  • I use Liver of Sulphur to create color or take the metal to black.
  • I use heat to change the color of some metals.



Sterling Silver:

This is a metal that is 92.5% pure silver. That is why many silver pieces are
marked with a .925 stamp.

Fine Silver:

This metal is 99.9% pure and is softer than sterling. Many bezels are fine silver.

Argentium Silver:

This metal is 93.5% - 96% pure and tarnishes very slowly compared to sterling


This is a very strong metal that cannot be soldered. It can be heated to produce beautiful colors. It is hypoallergenic.

Metal Dust:

This is what I collect as I saw out my pieces. I use the “saw dust” to create a beautiful rough texture on my pieces by fusing it using heat from the torch.

Other Base Metals: 

I also use commonly known metals in my work such as copper, brass, and